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     Psychiatric disability support services Portals.
    Portals

    This section presents information on specialist disability support services, provided under the National Disability Agreement (NDA) to service users with a psychiatric disability either as their primary disability or as an other significant disability. Unless otherwise stated, service users with psychiatric disability include all service users with psychiatric disability, regardless of whether it is considered a primary or other significant disability.

    The information presented in this section has been extracted from the 2015–16 Disability Services National Minimum Data Set (Disability Services NMDS); comprising national administrative data on disability support services. The data source section provides further information on coverage, data quality, and other aspects of the Disability Services NMDS.




    Key points

    • About 96,300 people with a psychiatric disability made use of disability support services in 2015–16, at a rate of 402.4 per 100,000 population (or about 1 in 250 Australians).
    • Psychiatric disability was the most frequently reported primary disability among people receiving non-residential disability support services, and the second most frequently reported for residential disability support services.
    • The rate of non-residential service users with a psychiatric disability was 400.3 service users per 100,000 population in 2015–16; this was relatively stable between 2011–12 and 2015–16 (with an average annual increase of 0.9%). In contrast, the rate of residential service users (15.0 per 100,000 in 2015–16) decreased by an annual average of 2.5%.
    • Employment services were the most frequently provided service group for non-residential service users with a psychiatric disability.
    • Group homes were the most frequently used service type by people with a psychiatric disability receiving residential services in 2015–16.
    • Indigenous Australians with a psychiatric disability used both residential and non-residential disability support services at more than twice the rate of non-Indigenous Australians.

    Data in this section were last updated in June 2017.


    When accessing disability support services people with psychiatric disability may receive residential support services, non-residential services, or both, depending on availability and their individual needs.

    Residential service types include large residential facilities/institutions, small residential facilities/institutions, hostels and group homes. Non-residential support services include accommodation support, community support, community access, respite services, employment services, advocacy, information and alternative forms of communication and other support.

    Providers of non-residential services are either state or territory administered services or Australian Government funded services.


    Service provision

    Across Australia, about 331,800 people made use of specialist disability support services during 2015–16 (AIHW 2017). Of these, more than 96,300 people had a psychiatric disability, with 61,566 of these having a primary psychiatric disability (Table DIS.1 and DIS.2). For clients with a psychiatric disability using non-residential services (95,835), almost 2 in 3 (61,376 or 64.0%) had a primary psychiatric disability (Table DIS.5). In contrast, the most frequently reported primary disability among residential service users with a psychiatric disability (3,584) was intellectual disability (2,561 or 71.5%) (Table DIS.9).

    States and territories

    The rate of psychiatric disability service users in 2015–16 was highest in Victoria (498.0 per 100,000 population), and lowest in the Northern Territory (132.4), compared to the national rate of 402.4 (Figure DIS.1). The transition of clients into the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) significantly reduced the ability of the territory’s government to collect data under the National Disability Agreement. For this reason ACT data only includes users of Australian Government disability employment services from 2015–16.


    Figure DIS.1: Service users with a psychiatric disability, states and territories, 2015–16

    Vertical bar chart showing the rate of service users with a psychiatric disability for all jurisdictions in 2015–16. Service users per 100,000 population were: NSW (392.8), Vic (498.0), Qld (433.8), WA (198.3), SA (484.1), Tas (389.3), ACT (179.1), NT (132.4). Nationally, the rate of service users with a psychiatric disability was 402.4. Refer to Table DIS.1.

    Source: AIHW analysis of data from the Disability Services NMDS.
    Source data: Psychiatric disability support services 2015–16 Table DIS.1 (571KB XLS).


    Over time

    Over the 5 years to 2015–16, the rate of non-residential service users with a psychiatric disability increased on average by 0.9% annually, from 386.7 per 100,000 population in 2011–12 to 400.3 in 2015–16 (Figure DIS.2). Over the same time period, the residential service user rate decreased on average by 2.5% annually from 16.6 per 100,000 population in 2011–12 to 15.0 in 2015–16 (Figure DIS.3).


    Figure DIS.2: Non-residential service users with a psychiatric disability, 2011–12 to 2015–16

    Line chart showing the rate of non-residential service users with psychiatric disability per 100,000 population between 2011–12 and 2015–16. Rates for 2011–12 386.7; 2012–13 365.9; 2013–14 380.2 2014–15 405.4; and 2015–16 400.3. Refer to Table DIS.3.

    Note: The methodology to obtain service user counts has varied over time, so comparisons between reporting years should be approached with caution. See data source section for more information.

    Source: AIHW analysis of data from the Disability Services NMDS.
    Source data: Psychiatric disability support services 2015–16 Table DIS.3 (571KB XLS).


    Figure DIS.3: Residential service users with a psychiatric disability, 2010–11 to 2015–16

    Line chart showing the rate of residential service users with a psychiatric disability per 100,000 population between 2011–12 and 2015–16. Rates for 2011–12 16.6 per 100,000 population; 2012–13 16.2; 2013–14 16.3; 2014–15 15.6; and 2015–16 15.0. Refer to Table DIS.3.

    Source: AIHW analysis of data from the Disability Services NMDS.
    Source data: Psychiatric disability support services 2015–16 Table DIS.3 (571KB XLS).


    Reference

    AIHW 2017. Disability support services: services provided under the National Disability Agreement 2015–16.

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