• Print
  • Downloads

    PDF: Residential mental health care services section (331KB)
    PDF (331KB)

    Residential mental health care tables (808MB XLS)
    Tables (808KB XLS)

    Residential mental health care portals

    Residential mental health care services provide specialised mental health care on an overnight basis in a domestic-like environment. Residential mental health services may include rehabilitation, treatment or extended care. They are described in this section using data from the National Residential Mental Health Care Database (NRMHCD). The scope for this collection is all episodes of care in all government-funded residential mental health services in Australia, except those residential care services that are in receipt of funding under the Aged Care Act 1997 and subject to other Commonwealth reporting requirements. The inclusion of non‑government-operated services in receipt of government funding is optional. For more information about the coverage and data quality of this collection, see the data source section.

    Data for the Australian Capital Territory were not available for the 2014–15 reporting period. See the footnotes in each of the tables for details about the calculation of national rates.

    Key points

    • There were about 7,750 episodes of residential care recorded for around 5,800 residents in 2014–15. This equates to an average of 1.3 episodes of care per resident and 39 residential care days per episode.
    • The number of episodes per 10,000 population increased from 1.9 in 2010–11 to 3.3 in 2014–15. The estimated number of residents per 10,000 population increased from 1.5 to 2.5 respectively for the same periods.
    • Residents with an involuntary mental health legal status accounted for 19.1% of episodes with a valid legal status recorded in 2014–15.
    • Schizophrenia was the most common principal diagnosis for residents undergoing residential episodes of care (24.8%), followed by specific personality disorder (10.8%) and depressive episode (9.8%).
    • The most common length of stay for a completed residential episode was 2 weeks or less (58.1% of episodes completed on or before 30 June 2015) in 2014–15, with 1.9% of episodes lasting longer than 1 year.

    Data in this section were last updated in October 2016.

    Service provision

    States and territories

    Nationally there were 7,749 continuing and completed episodes of residential care in 2014–15, with 301,701 residential care days provided to an estimated 5,819 residents. This equates to an average of 1.3 episodes of care per resident and 39 residential care days per episode (Table RMHC.1).

    Tasmania reported the highest rate of episodes of care (21.3 per 10,000 population) and the highest rate of residents (11.9 per 10,000 population) in 2014–15. Tasmania, South Australia and Victoria reported higher rates than the national averages of 3.3 episodes and 2.5 residents per 10,000 population (Figure RMHC.1). New South Wales had the lowest rate for both episodes and residents (0.5 and 0.3 per 10,000 population). Queensland does not report any in-scope residential mental health services to the collection (Table RMHC.1). These data reflect the mental health service profile mix of each jurisdiction, with varying residential care components (see the Profile of specialised mental health care facilities section for additional information).

    Nationally, the rate of residential care days was 129.8 per 10,000 population in 2014–15, with Tasmania reporting the highest rate (1,008.3) and Western Australia reporting the lowest (12.1) (Table RMHC.1).

    Figure RMHC.1: Residential mental health care rates for episodes and estimated number of residents, states and territories, 2014–15

    Vertical bar chart showing residential mental health care rates for episodes and estimated number of residents for jurisdictions in 2014–15. Episodes per 10,000 population: Tas: 21.3; SA: 11.0; Vic: 6.8; NT: 4.3; WA: 1.3; NSW: 0.5; and nationally: 3.3. Estimated residents per 10,000 population: Tas: 11.9; SA: 8.7; Vic: 5.5; NT: 4.3; WA: 0.5; NSW: 0.3; and nationally: 2.5. Refer to Table RMHC.1.


    1. Queensland does not report any in scope residential mental health services.

    2. Data for the ACT were not available for the 2014-15 reporting period.

    3. For jurisdictions that can uniquely identify residents across the jurisdiction, residents who made use of services from multiple providers were only counted once. Therefore comparisons between jurisdictions should be made with caution. See the online data source of the Residential mental health care section for more information.

    Source: National Residential Mental Health Care Database.

    Source data: Residential Mental Health Care Table RMHC.1 (808KB XLS).

    | Characteristics>